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The same types of linking techniques apply in the case of a message expressing cause, reason and result, as follows:
i) We can have two sentences in coordination, in order to express a sequence of events. These sentences are equal in value. For example, if you enter a room and utter either of the sentences to an audience, they will understand both sentences equally.
[He lost his job, due to the recession] and [(therefore) he had to look for another job.]
In this particular case, one would understand the second one independently only in the absence of the linking adverb 'therefore' which is optional in any case.
ii) We can have the case of two sentences in subordination, in which case one of them depends on the other one in order to make sense.
[The two boys had a walkie-talkie], [so (that) they could speak to each other from their own bedrooms, after bedtime.]
The test for subordination is this: If you came into a room and uttered the second sentence of the two above, nobody would understand the complete meaning of the situation, until they listened to the second sentence.
iii) A third situation for expressing a causal connection between two sentences is the adverbial link:
[In China, the bride and groom usually have two weddings: one for the extended family and friends on the bride’s side and one for those relatives and friends on the groom’s side.] [They therefore have double the fun, as well as the headache for organising two big parties, instead of one.]
I remember going to a few weddings in China, so I’ll take this opportunity to wish my friends a long and happy life together yet again, should they happen to read this lesson.
Next time we shall look at linking sentences for expressing conditions: some positive conditions, some negative and some with a contrast – wait and see.
Please think what type of linking you can recognise between the sentences
in the following examples and send me your choices by submitting the following form. Do not worry - your reply will not be published online. I receive it personally and I shall send you my comments directly by email.
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