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Issue #046 -- Week 22/03/15-28/03/15
March 31, 2015

Greetings and General Information

A warm welcome to our new subscribers! I wish you will find My English Club fun and instructive and I look forward to welcome you as a new valued member soon. Read, learn and communicate around the world!

Please feel free to contribute to these pages when you have a minute. They are meant to be a platform for exchanging ideas, stories and opinions - an ideal medium for practicing your English, which should be used to the full. Together, let's bring it alive, let's make it the welcoming community you wished for, when you joined. Use the Comments facility at the end of every page and start making friends worldwide.

You and your friends can always subscribe individually through the form on My English Club If anybody mentions to you that they are interested in receiving it, please tell them this - many thanks. Also, they can read the previous issues on Back Issues for English Corner E-zine. OK, having said that, let’s proceed with our present lessons and we’ll have this week’s game at the end. Enjoy!

Month 7 ~ Lesson 30

We started studying three subjects back in September 2014: pronunciation and grammar for improving your communication skills, as well as website design and development, for applying your English in practice once you get skilful in English and website building.

Once we covered the basics of pronunciation, we started a new course in reading, which we finished a couple of weeks ago. Following some recent requests, we started a section on learning games, to add the fun into your learning. I do hope you like it - enjoy.

Until I'll have the time to write my e-books from these courses, you can find our past lessons for free, as follows:

Issue 016 - The NAMES and SOUNDS of the Letters
Issue 017 - Short/Long Vowel Sounds & CVCs
Issue 019 - CCVCs and CVCCs
Issue 020 - Digraphs and Silent Letters
Issue 021 - Sight Words (or Dolch Words)
Issue 022 - Long Vowel Sounds
Issue 023 - The R-Controlled Vowel Sounds
Issue 024 - Vowel and Consonant Contrasts

Issue 025 - An Introduction
Issue 026 - The Basic "Ingredients" of a Reading Programme
Issue 027 - Word Recognition
Issue 028 - Understanding Meaning in Context [1]
Issue 029 - Understanding Meaning in Context [2]
Issue 030 - Understanding Meaning in Context [3]
Issue 031 - Enlarging Your Vocabulary (Beginner)
Issue 032 - Vocabulary Games Online
Issue 033 - Traditional Vocabulary Games
Issue 034 - Understanding Vocabulary from Context [TOEFL Skill 1]
Issue 035 - Recognizing Referents [TOEFL Skill 2]
Issue 036 - Simplifying Meanings in Sentences [TOEFL Skill 3]
Issue 037 - Inserting Sentences into the Passage [TOEFL Skill 4]
Issue 038 - Finding Factual Information [TOEFL Skill 5]
Issue 039 - Understanding Negative Facts [TOEFL Skill 6]
Issue 040 - Making Inferences from Stated Facts [TOEFL Skill 7]
Issue 041 - Inferring Rhetorical Purpose[TOEFL Skill 8]
Issue 042 - Selecting Summary Information [TOEFL Skill 9]
Issue 043 - Completing Schematic Tables [TOEFL Skill 10]

Communicative Grammar:
Issue 016 - CAUSE and EFFECT
Issue 017 - Comparison of Adjectives
Issue 019 - Comparison of Adverbs
Issue 020 - Special Cases of Comparison
Issue 021 - Comparison Clauses vs. Comparison Phrases
Issue 022 - Restrictive and Non-Restrictive Meaning
Issue 023 - Expressions of Frequency
Issue 024 - Using Grammar for Speaking/Writing
Issue 025 - Linking Signals and their Functions [1]
Issue 026 - Linking Signals and their Functions [2]
Issue 027 - Linking Signals and their Functions [3]
Issue 028 - Linking Sentences [1] (Types of linking)
Issue 029 - Linking Sentences [2] (Time, cause/reason/result)
Issue 030 - Linking Sentences [3] (Conditions)
Issue 031 - Linking Sentences [4] (Additions)
Issue 032 - Relative Clauses
Issue 033 - Grammar with Fun!
Issue 034 - Participle and Verbless Clauses
Issue 035 - Cross-Reference and Omission
Issue 036 - Presenting and Focusing Information
Issue 037 - Pieces of Information
Issue 038 - Dividing Messages into Tone Units
Issue 039 - Expressing Moods, Emotions and Attitude
Issue 040 - Stress on Emotions in Communication
Issue 041 - Emphatic ‘So’ and ‘Such’
Issue 042 - Emphasising Emotions in Speech
Issue 043 - Intensifying Adverbs and Modifiers
Issue 044 - Intensification of questions and negatives
Issue 045 - Exclamatory and Rhetorical Questions

Website Design and Building:
Issue 016 - The Basic Concepts
Issue 017 - Content vs. Monetize
Issue 019 - PREselling vs. Selling
Issue 020 - Developing a Site Concept
Issue 021 - Choosing Your Site Concept
Issue 022 - Choosing Your Niche
Issue 023 - Real Supply and Value Demand
Issue 024 - The Filter Tool - Phase 1
Issue 025 - The Filter Tool - Phase 2
Issue 026 - The "Depth" of a Website
Issue 027 - Evaluate 7 factors for each Site Concept
Issue 028 - Profitability vs. Monetization
Issue 029 - The Site Content Blueprint
Issue 030 - Lateral Brainstorm
Issue 031 - Designing your Site Content Blueprint
Issue 032 - Checking Profitability with Pre-Set Tasks
Issue 033 - Finish your Site Content Blueprint
Issue 034 - Investigate and Plan Monetization Options
Issue 035 - Monetizating with AdSense
Issue 036 - What Exactly Is AdSense?
Issue 037 - The Most Wanted Response (MWR)
Issue 038 - Credit Card and Payment Processing
Issue 039 - Monetizing Forum Topics in SBI
Issue 040 - Finalizing Your Monetization Mix
Issue 041 - Before Registering a Domain Name
Issue 042 - Preparing Domain Registration
Issue 043 - Registering Your Domain
Issue 044 - Building a Successful Website
Issue 045 - Planning Your Website Structure

Game of the Week:
Issue 044 - Countable & Uncountable Nouns
Issue 045 - Free Rice - My Favourite Vocabulary Game!

Grammar ~ Describing Emotions

Last time I promised to touch on describing emotions – well, let’s do it!

Now, describing is not what you do when you actually express your emotions, which is what we learnt in our previous few lessons.

You describe your emotions when you tell somebody else how you (or another person) felt or how you feel right now. It’s a bit like describing a person, or a thing - you just talk about emotions.

Prepositions come into play quite a lot, when we do this, as in the examples below:

“I was alarmed at his behaviour.”
“An audience will always laugh at a good joke.”
“His father was very surprised at his decision to resign from the job.”

Note that the preposition at is used to express an emotive reaction to something abstract, like an event, idea, etc. If the reason that causes the reaction is a person or an object rather than an event, we tend to use the preposition with:

“She was furious with John.”
“He is overly pleased with his present.”

You can use other prepositions, like about and of: worried about, annoyed about, resentful of, etc.

Now, if you wish to explain the situation in more words, you will probably do it by either using a clause with infinitive (with ‘to’), or a ‘that-clause’ (with or without ‘should’) and in these cases the preposition is omitted:

“They were alarmed to find the house empty.”
“I was delighted that you came.”
We’re anxious that everything should go smoothly.”

You can also express the cause of emotion by the subject in your sentence, or by the agent, should you wish to use a passive voice expression. Take the example we had before:

“His father was very surprised at his decision to resign from the job.”
“His decision to resign from the job surprised his father very much.”
“His father was very surprised by his decision to resign from the job.”

Sometimes we just don’t wish to specify the person affected by the feeling. In most of the cases, the person affected is likely to be ‘me’ and imagine we wish to keep that private. In these situations, we use other constructions for describing emotions that are more impersonal, like:

“The meal was satisfactory/delightful, etc.”
“The news from my uncle is very disturbing.”
It’s amazing that so many people can’t speak English correctly.”
It’s a pity to have missed her.”
It’s a pity that you should have missed her.”

If you wish to express the person affected, but still keep the ‘I/me’ private, you can use phrases introduced by ‘to’ or ‘for’: for most people, for the majority, or simply to me:

To me, it’s amazing that so many people can’t speak English correctly.”

They need more practice, just like you do and… I wish you have fun while you’re at it.

Website Design ~ The Content of Your Site as a Pyramid

Build the content of your site like a pyramid, too... Start with your HOME PAGE. It must introduce the "big picture," the Valuable PREselling Proposition ("VPP"), of your theme/concept.

From there, each of your TIER 2 pages must focus on a specific topic that is related to that theme/concept.

And at the final level, each TIER 3 page must be a sub-category of its corresponding TIER 2 page.

A strong home page...

• establishes your VPP in its introductory paragraphs. It answers your visitor's "what's-in-it-for-me?" question. It makes or breaks that all-important "first impression."
• keeps it fun, bright, and intriguing while building respect.
• brings out the appropriate emotions/response in your theme's audience.

That covers the humans. What about the spiders?...

Your Keyword-Focused Content Page must ultimately score in the Top 10-20 search results for your Site Concept keyword, but more on this later.

Your TIER 2 and TIER 3 pages must...

1. OVERdeliver great content to humans.
2. Convince the Search Engines that they are the best, most relevant pages for their Specific Keywords.

Every Page of Every TIER Is a KFCP and must please both human visitors and spiders

Yes, the TIER 2 and 3 approach is similar to that of your home page! While the home page focuses upon the fundamental Site Concept keyword, each one of the other pages focuses upon one keyword from your Master Keyword List.

For those readers who only recently subscribed to this e-zine, we introduced the Master Keyword List in Issue 020 and the KFCP (Keyword-Focused Content Page) in Issue 021 If your site were a house, it would have one front door, 5-15 side doors, and hundreds of back doors. In other words, humans will find-and-enter your site via any page... TIER 1, 2, or 3.

So each page must meet the specific needs of a visitor who is searching for its Specific Keyword. OVERdeliver with high-value content. This convinces the reader to click and read more of your pages, to sign up for your e-zines and RSS feed, but more on this later.

Text links to your monetizing sources must flow naturally, in context.

If visitors find your home page (which will be the most common entry point as your site matures), and if you captivate them with a solid VPP and strong voice, they will click to a TIER 2.

TIER 3 pages are the "end of the road." Your Most Wanted Response now is to get the monetizing click. Naturally, if your visitor links back up to the related TIER 2 or to the home page, that's fine. But do focus on working monetization into these TIER 3 content pages. See Issue 037 about the Most Wanted Response (MWR).

While TIER 3 keywords are generally not as profitable as TIER 2 ones, there are a whole heck of a lot more of them! For example, you might have 15 TIER 2s. If each of those links to 15 TIER 3s, you have thrown a "net of 225 keywords over the Net!"

Think of your monetizing links as a service to your readers. You offer them as recommendations or tips or "Top 3," etc. -- this is value-added service. So don't just save them for the end, where you impassively list them. Weave them throughout each page, where relevant.

Should you build a TIER 4?

An ideal niche site, neither too broad nor too narrow, well-researched, should not need to go deeper than 3 TIERs. You should be able to cover it all with 3 TIERs. If you need 400 pages instead of 225 (15 x 15), it's better to go wider (20 TIER 2s with 20 TIER 3s from each), rather than deeper into a TIER 4.

But in general, once you are at this size, you should be reducing to "update and maintenance mode." Use your new-found building time more profitably by building another content site, either one in a completely new niche or that expands your current theme. But "carve out" new sites carefully. If a new site is too close to the first one, it's better to keep that content in the original.

Game of the Week ~ Name That Thing

Another one of my favourite websites is Merriam Webster Dictionary . You’ll find a lot of useful facilities on this website, but let’s keep focused on the word games here. I chose ”Name That Thing” (NTT) for today, as we’re still working on increasing our vocabulary.

This is a vocabulary quiz, which you can take within 150 seconds, that is 2 minutes and a half. How do I know that? You get 10 questions and only 15 seconds per word:

In this game you get a picture at a time, with a pointer at a part of it and 4 word choices on the side. Choose the right one and you get a number of points, according to the complexity level of the word. You get bonus points for doing it fast.

As you enter the game zone, you get the rules and the ‘go-ahead’ button:

OK, once you start your game, you’re hit with the first picture, like this:

Well... I must admit: this one got me, but I had to choose a word before my time was up, so I chose ‘philtrum’. When you get it wrong...

Not a problem; you know that saying ‘when at first you don’t succeed, try, and try, and try again’:

This picture was easy, as I always liked this fruit during my 2-year stay in China.

Keep going through all the questions similarly, and finally you get to the Final Score page:

This page will also have another ‘go-ahead’ button, for those vocab games addicts, who get straight onto the next game:

Enough talking, now go play ”Name That Thing” on NTT game Enjoy it and let’s see if we can get into a spelling game next time.

This Is It, Folks!

I hope you find this information useful and not too confusing. Even though you're in the stage of building on it, have patience at this point in your learning and you'll be able to reap the fruit of your work later on, whichever aspect of our lessons you are concentrating on.

Please feel free to comment and suggest your ideas by replying to this email - I look forward to hearing from you. If you wish to chat either with me or with other members worldwide, go to My English Club .

Enjoy the rest of your week!
Have fun, as always.

Lucia da Vinci

Founder of My English Club

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