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Expressing moods, emotions and attitudes is part of our overall communication, as we've seen in our ABCD model, where A were the concepts, B the type of information we impart, C the mood, emotion or attitude we undertake when imparting that communication and D - meanings in connected discourse.
Let’s work on item C for a while – the mood and emotion that accompanies our message and ways of expressing our feelings, because I realise that many times learners don’t even want to speak, because they don’t know how to express not only their ideas, but also their related feelings. The English language is not just a means of giving and receiving information - it is communication between people, i.e. it often expresses the emotions and attitudes of the speaker. Moreover, the speaker often uses the language to influence the attitudes and behaviour of the listener.
One way of expressing moods is by using a less significant part of speech – one that everybody knows and it doesn’t cost you any effort in glancing over it again, namely the simple interjection.
These are words whose only function is to express emotion. Common English interjections are:
Oh /oƱ/ = surprise;
Ah /ɒ:/ = satisfaction, recognition, etc.;
Aha /ə’h ɒ:/ = jubilant satisfaction, recognition, etc.;
Wow /waƱ/ = great surprise;
Yipee /’jӀpi:/ = excitement, delight;
Ouch /aƱtʃ/ ; Ow /aƱ/ = pain;
Ugh /ʌh/ = disgust;
Ooh /u:/ = pleasure, pain.
Examples of the above, in sentences:
Oh, what a beautiful present!
Ah, that’s just what I wanted!
Aha, these books are exactly what I was looking for.
Wow, what a fantastic goal!
Yipee, this is fun!
Ouch, my foot!
Ugh, what a mess.
Ooh, this cream cake’s delicious.
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Lots of lessons: cause & effect, comparisons, linking signals, relative clauses, presenting information, expressing emotions and grammar games, of course. We had more lessons on: intensifying adverbs and phrasal verbs, expressing various concepts such as addition, exception, restriction and ambiguity. Lately we started some exercises: likes/dislikes, frequency adverbs (twice), verb tenses, etc.
Learn how to build a website, by using the SBI! system - start from the basics, developing a site concept and a niche, supply and demand, learn about profitability and monetization, payment processing, register domain, website structure and content as a pyramid. Also learn about the tools I'm using to build this website. We also covered how to build traffic, working with search engines, building a good system of inbound links, using social marketing and blogs with the SBI system, how to use Socialize It and Form Build It, how to publish an e-zine and how to build a social network in your niche.
We looked at a few games by now: Countable & uncountable nouns, Free Rice, Name That Thing, Spell It, Spelloween, the Phrasal Verbs Game, Preposition Desert, The Sentence Game, Word Confusion, Word Wangling, Buzzing Bees, and The Verb Viper Game.
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