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Conditional Type III Sentences

We shall consider another imaginary situation, but this time in the past. This is often referred to as the “past” conditional because it concerns only past situations with hypothetical results.

Let me give you a situation for example: Aunt Emily expected her niece Laura to do a lot of work on her visit to the countryside, but Laura did very little. Aunt Emily is complaining to her neighbour now.

Aunt Emily: I expected Laura to feed the chickens, but she didn’t.
Neighbour: My niece would have fed them.
Aunt Emily: I expected her to tidy up her room, but she didn’t.
Neighbour: My niece would have tidied her room up.

We form the conditional III, or the PERFECT CONDITIONAL by the use of the past perfect in the ‘if clause’ followed by a comma and the ‘would have’ past participle in the result clause. You can also put the result clause first without using a comma between the clauses:

If Alice had won the competition, life would have changed OR
Life would have changed if Alice had won the competition.

Exercise 1

Following the example with Aunt Emily from above. Try to fill into the spaces what her neighbour could have said.

Please note that all fields followed by an asterisk must be filled in.

Exercise 2

Read the following situation:

Paul bought a bicycle last week and has already had an accident. His mother, who was against Paul's buying a bicycle, is cross with his father, who financed the purchase. She says:

If Paul hadn't bought the bicycle, he wouldn't have had an accident.

Can you continue? Use the cues below to make conditional sentences type III.

Please note that all fields followed by an asterisk must be filled in.

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